Jihad – Misinterpretation

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Terrorists do not differentiate between Jihad and traditional wars. The concept of Jihad is monumental; which encompasses personal and social aspects of Muslim’s life. This process continues throughout the life in various forms. One of which is (قتال qital، combat), which under specific circumstances is the responsibility of the State. On the other hand, for traditional warfare the Holy Qur’an has used the term “harb.” Life of the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him) teaches us that qital  (قتال qital، combat),is an exception, whereas, peace and reconciliation shall prevail under normal circumstances. Islamic Jurists are of the opinion that qital is not mandatory under normal situations. Rather, it is partially obligatory (Farz kifayah). Therefore, it is required that qital should only be declared by the State. The Treaty of Medina reflects the same example in which the authority and announcement of war was in the hands of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him).

According to Islamic jurists, no activity leading to war can be initiated without the consent of the state ruler or his appointed commanders. A soldier cannot attack the enemy in his personal capacity without the permission of his commander. Islamic jurists also say that war cannot be waged without the permission of the government and moreover, it cannot be started just to overcome the enemy.

It is right of the government to allow fighting or waging war which is further subject to the vulnerable security situation of the state.

The Holy Qur’an states:

But if the enemy incline towards peace, do thou (also) incline towards peace, and trust in Allah: for He is One that heareth and knoweth (all things). (Qur’an 8:61)

In light of the above-mentioned Qur’anic verse, Muslim jurists do not justify every type of war, they specifically warn against waging war only to gain power, as terrorists are doing nowadays, even though they bring far-fetched religious arguments in support of their actions.

3.5 Trend of Taking Law into One’s Hand in the Name of Commanding Good.

Some fundamentalist and extremist groups gain power to achieve their political goals in the name of Commanding Good. For this, the Qur’anic injunction of helping others in the matters of good and piety is completely ignored. There is no doubt that it is imperative to forbid from evil but this has to be done through the people of wisdom. It is totally unacceptable in Islam that a certain group takes law into its own hands, declares people infidels, starts killing them in the name of commanding good and forbidding from evil. These trends, in any given society, lead to anarchy and chaos. Islam has clearly set the path for commanding good and forbidding bad by upholding the rule of law. Only the State has right to implement punishments on citizens and regulate their characters in accordance with law.

It is necessary to revive the institutions of muwakhat and mu’amlat that were established at the time of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) to promote cooperation between people.

3.6 Trend of Disregarding National Citizen Charter

Some segments, in the name of Islam, oppose the national citizen charter and International contracts and few even disregard geographical boundaries and become part of an armed insurgency in another country. According to Islamic teachings, this behavior is categorised as breaking covenants or betrayal.

Islamic teachings highly value charters and covenants and fulfillment of these is commanded by the Holy Qur’an:

O ye who believe! fulfil (all) obligations. (Qur’an 5:1)

Fulfil the Covenant of Allah when ye have entered into it, and break not your oaths after ye have confirmed them. (Qur’an 16:91)

Breaking of promises is equated with treason in various Hadith. In common language, it implies betrayal and treachery. It is mentioned in one Hadith that on the Day of Judgment behind every traitor a flag shall be raised to highlight the degree of his betrayal so that everyone may know the severity of his crime.

The Holy Qur’an highlights the importance of charters and covenants when it says:

But if they seek your aid in religion, it is your duty to help them, except against a people with whom ye have a treaty of mutual alliance. (Qur’an 8:72)

In the light of the above verses of the Holy Qur’an, it is obligatory on every citizen of Pakistan to respect its Constitution and international treaties rectified between Pakistan and other countries and do not violate geographical boundaries in the name of helping other groups outside Pakistan as it is not allowed to disrespect national charter.

It is important to mention here that according to the teachings of Islam, during war and peace, Islamic state is bound to respect international treaties. In modern times, Pakistan has entered into several international agreements and treaties which aim to protect fundamental human rights.

Moreover, the five objectives of Shari‘ah also guarantee these fundamental rights. These rights include:

(1) preservation of life, (2) preservation of religion, (3) preservation of intellect, (4) preservation of progeny and (5) preservation of property.

Therefore, any attack on innocent people that violates the above-mentioned ends of Shari‘ah is prohibited and is a crime.

References/Links:

Next …. Joint Declaration against Terrorism


Index-Narrative Against Terrorism: Paigham-e-Pakistan


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Global Terrorism – عالمی دھشتگردی

  1. The Dreadful Doctrine of Terror : Takfeer عقيدة المروعة من الإرهاب: التكفير
  2. Refutation of Takfirirs form Quran & Hadiths
  3. Who are the Khawarij in Pakistan? A critical note on TTP and their ideology
  4. ظالم فاسق فاجر حکمران – علماء اور مسلمانوں کا رویہ Rebellion against Oppressor, Sinner Muslim rulers
  5. ISIS, Daesh, Boko Haram, Taliban – Illogical Logic of Terrorists to kill innocent people on name of Islam – Refuted
  6. Related- Jihad, Extremism
  7. Jihad: Myth & Reality

  8. Islamic Decree [Fatwa] Against Terrorism
  9. Tolerance
  10. Rebuttal Anti-Islam FAQs
  11. Rebellion by Khawarij Taliban & Shari’ah in Pakistan 
  12. Islamic Scholars in modern age علماء اور دور جدید